Car Accident Laws in California

faded image of a car accident

Car accidents are an unfortunate reality of modern life, and they can happen to anyone at any time. Whether you're a long-time California resident or just passing through, it's essential to understand the car accident laws in California to protect your rights and ensure a smooth resolution if you find yourself involved in a collision.

Fault-Based System

California follows a fault-based system when it comes to car accidents. This means that the party responsible for causing the accident is also responsible for covering the damages. Establishing fault is crucial in determining liability and compensation. To do this, evidence such as witness statements, police reports, and accident reconstruction may be used.

In no-fault states, each party's insurance covers their medical expenses and damages, regardless of who is at fault.

Mandatory Insurance Requirements

California law mandates that all drivers carry a minimum amount of auto insurance. This is intended to ensure that financial responsibility is in place to cover damages in the event of an accident. The minimum liability coverage requirements in California are:

  • $15,000 for injury or death of one person
  • $30,000 for injury or death of more than one person
  • $5,000 for property damage

Driving without insurance can result in fines, license suspension, and other penalties. Additionally, uninsured and underinsured motorist coverage is strongly recommended to protect yourself in case you are involved in an accident with an uninsured or underinsured driver.

Comparative Negligence

California employs a comparative negligence system when determining compensation for car accidents. In cases where both parties share some level of fault, the compensation is adjusted accordingly. For instance, if you are found to be 20% at fault for an accident, your compensation will be reduced by 20%. However, if you are found to be 50% or more at fault, you may not be eligible for any compensation.

Statute of Limitations

In California, there is a statute of limitations for filing a personal injury claim after a car accident. You generally have two years from the date of the accident to file a lawsuit. Failing to do so within this time frame may result in your claim being barred. However, it's essential to consult with an attorney to understand the specific deadlines that apply to your case, as some exceptions may extend or shorten the statute of limitations.

Reporting Requirements

After a car accident in California, it's crucial to report the incident to the appropriate authorities promptly. You are required to report an accident to the California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) within ten days if:

  • There were injuries or fatalities.
  • Property damage exceeded $1,000.

Failure to report an accident can lead to a suspension of your driver's license.

Compensation for Damages

If you are injured in a car accident due to someone else's negligence, you may be entitled to various types of compensation, including:

  • Medical expenses
  • Lost wages
  • Property damage
  • Pain and suffering
  • Emotional distress
  • Loss of consortium (loss of companionship or support)

To pursue compensation for these damages, it's advisable to consult with an experienced personal injury attorney who can help you navigate the legal process and maximize your recovery.

Hit and Run Accidents

In cases of hit-and-run accidents where the responsible party flees the scene, California law requires that you report the accident to law enforcement within 24 hours. If the at-fault driver is not identified or apprehended, you can still seek compensation through your own insurance policy if you have uninsured motorist coverage.

Seeking Legal Representation

Navigating the complex world of car accident laws in California can be challenging, especially when dealing with insurance companies and legal proceedings. Hiring an experienced personal injury attorney is often a wise choice. An attorney can help you:

  • Investigate the accident thoroughly
  • Collect evidence to establish liability
  • Negotiate with insurance companies
  • Represent you in court if necessary

Navigating the complex world of car accident laws in California can be challenging, but armed with the right knowledge, you can protect your rights and secure the compensation you deserve. However, it is crucial to seek the assistance of experienced personal injury attorneys who specialize in car accident cases. At Fowler | Helsel | Vogt, our team of dedicated professionals is committed to helping accident victims understand their rights and achieve a favorable outcome.

Contact us today for a free consultation.

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