Car Accident TBIs: Who is Most At Risk?

woman with long braids wearing a sweater and holding her head with a pained look, she is stepping out of a smoking vehicle

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are serious and potentially debilitating injuries that commonly result from a car crash. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that each year more than 2.5 million people sustain a TBI and nearly 50,000 of them die from their injuries. In this blog, we will discuss some of the studies surrounding which groups may be more at risk of sustaining one of these injuries based on a few factors.

Influential Factors

Back vs. Front Seat

A 2018 study looked at the risk of TBI based on seat position in a car crash. The researchers found that backseat passengers were at greater risk than those seated in the front seat, particularly when not using a seatbelt or other restraint device, and drivers had the lowest risk factor. However, mortality rates were significantly higher among those sitting in the front passenger seat.


Other research has shown that children are at a significantly high risk of sustaining a head injury in a motor vehicle accident. Children under 4 years old are particularly vulnerable and are 8 times more likely to sustain an incapacitating injury if not properly restrained in an appropriate child safety seat, booster seat or lap/shoulder belt system, depending on their age and size. For example, infants should be placed rear-facing until they reach two years old or until they outgrow the height or weight limits set by the manufacturer of their car seat.

Although using the appropriate safety restraint is one of the most effective ways to reduce the possibility of sustaining a traumatic brain injury in a crash, it isn’t a guarantee so drivers and passengers alike should remain cautious.

How You Can Pursue a Claim for a TBI

If you or a loved one have been injured in a car crash, it is important to speak with an experienced personal injury attorney who can assess your case and help you determine what type of compensation may be available. An attorney can also explain how to pursue a claim for damages resulting from a TBI, which could include payment of medical bills, lost wages, pain and suffering, and other related expenses.

The experienced team at Fowler | Helsel | Vogt can help ensure that both the long and short-term effects of a TBI are factored into your compensation. Schedule a free consultation to discuss your options today by calling (559) 900-1280 or filling out this short form.

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